Windmills dotted the edges of the old town, providing a sustainable and renewable place to grind grain for bread over the centuries. There is always a wind from somewhere blowing through the hill town! We stopped to visit a lone mill, and were just as impressed with the view over the old city.
At the opposite corner of the town there is windmill park, so we found our way there like good sleuths. All the hunting was well-rewarded as one of the windmills had been restored and was in working order, with a guide.
Inside was a display of artifacts associate with milling,
and within moments we were invited up the narrow stairs to see the working parts ….
like the mill stones, feed hopper, flour chute and so on ….
and the powerful timber cog that is turned by the windmill spinning in the breeze, and transfers that enegy to the mill stones ….
Our guide explained how the cogs were constructed of dense parallel grain olive wood and pushed into tapered holes in the drive wheel after being wrapped with wet canvas, and then driven home. What great technology! Simple and strong, ingenious really. I was interested in the heart-shaped holes in the shutters, so he asked for my camera, climbed up and took this photo for me ….
Cute isn't it? Do you think we could return to simple technology like this if necessary? Maybe we won't have to if alternative renewable energy sources are properly developed, but I think we will return to timber in preference to steel, as timber can be quickly replaced by good forestry.